Urgent action needed on safety of high rise residential blocks in UK, say MPs
Urgent and wide ranging action is needed to ensure the safety of people living in high rise buildings in the UK, including extending a proposed ban on combustible cladding, according to an influential committee of MPs.
The report from the Housing, Communities and Local Government Committee also calls for the Government to tackle the conflicts of interest that are pervasive throughout the construction industry, adding that it needs to be done urgently in the aftermath of the Grenfell Tower fire and before more lives are lost.
The Committee recommends extensive changes to building regulations, following the publication of the final report of the Independent Review of Building Regulations and Fire Safety, set up after the Grenfell Tower fire in June 2017 in which over 70 died.
The report outlines several conflicts of interest that exist in the construction industry. The Committee is particularly concerned with how builders are able to appoint their own inspectors, who may have a commercial interest in not reporting bad practice to the local authority, and manufacturers choosing the most lenient testing bodies for their products.
The Committee also calls for the Government to prohibit the practice of Fire Rescue Authorities acting as the enforcement authority where their commercial trading arms are providing safety advice.
It says that a robust system of oversight and meaningful sanctions is needed that it underpinned by a strong, prescriptive approach’ and argues that the two should not be seen as mutually exclusive.
While it welcomes the Government’s intention to ban the use of materials which are not of limited combustibility in the cladding of new high rise buildings, it says the ban must also apply to existing buildings and residential homes, hospitals, student accommodation and hotels.
It concludes that, where feasible, sprinklers should be fitted to all high rise residential buildings to provide an extra layer of safety and that the Government should make funding available for installation in council and housing association owned buildings.
The report highlights several examples of conflicts of interest in the industry, with Fire Rescue Authorities inspecting the work of their own commercial trading arms, builders appointing their own inspectors and private sector companies influencing fire safety guidance.
It explains that reforms should be rolled out to the whole of the construction industry as it is clear that the ownership and responsibility of privately owned buildings is often complex and recommends that the Government conducts an urgent review into responsibility and liability of such building to ensure the necessary work can be carried out for the safety of residents, which is paramount. The Government should then produce further subsequent guidance for building owners.
The Committee also calls on the Government to introduce a low interest loan scheme for private sector building owners, to ensure that remedial work is carried out as quickly as possible and that costs are not passed on to leaseholders.
‘We are now more than a year on from the catastrophic events at Grenfell Tower, yet despite an Independent Review of building regulations, we are still no closer to having a system that inspires confidence that residents can be safe and secure in their homes,’ said Committee chairman Clive Betts.
‘We agree with the Independent Review that there is a need for a fundamental change of culture in the construction industry, but there are also measures that can and should be introduced now,’ he pointed out.
‘We welcome the intention of the Government to ban combustible cladding, but the proposals do not go far enough. A ban on dangerous cladding must be extended beyond new high rise constructions, to existing residential buildings as well as other high-risk buildings,’ he explained.
‘The industry is riven with conflicts of interest at every turn, with manufacturers choosing the most lenient testing bodies for their products. It just cannot be right that builders get to choose who marks their homework and urgent action is needed to make sure this does not continue. Fire Rescue Authorities should not be able to pass judgement on the work of their own commercial trading arms,’ he added.
‘The current complicated web of building regulations is compromising safety and putting people at risk in their own homes. It desperately needs both simplifying and strengthening and the Government must act now before more lives are lost,’ he concluded.